Clinical chemistry is an area of laboratory medicine designed to diagnose patients faster and expediently on the basis of mostly broadly designed stage diagnostics by identifying various substances (metabolites, enzymes, hormones, vitamins, etc.) in suitable test materials, such as blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid.
Besides identifying primary metabolic disorders, the focus is on organic damage, tissue and cells (infections, insufficient blood circulation, tumour growth). Metabolic disorders lie in the domain of clinical chemistry, which are often initially identified in the clinical laboratory.
Blood and urine concentration measurements enable not only establishing a diagnosis (example: diabetes) but also determine the treatment options.